The oldest remaining golf tournament, and also the first major, The Open Championship, made its debut on 17 October 1860 at Prestwick golf club in Ayrshire, Scotland with the first major championships in about the Scottish people. Two Scots from Dunfermline, John Reid, and Robert Lockhart, first performed golf in the United States in 1888.
Other theories about the origin of golf
Historians still dispute the true origins of the ancient ball and stick sport around the world.
In the old Dutch language, there was the word “kolf”, which is believed to be the origin of “golf”. The Dutch believe that they played this game from the early 14th century.
Accordingly, the people of this town played four “holes” in total, with a total length of 4950 yards. The kolf’s play gear is very similar to early Scottish golf. There is a leather ball and a long wooden club with a metal tip.
In addition, the Netherlands also has the game “Chole”. This is a team game. The player use an oak ball and a wooden stick with an iron tip to hit a target with great distance. The goal of the game is not fixed. It can be a tree, a stone, a door, a tower… or whatever the player likes.
As trading partners of each other, it is entirely possible that golf was imported to Scotland by the Dutch and welcomed by the host country.
Stick and ball games are as early as 2600 BC in central Egypt, with tombs with pictures and reliefs showing men with sticks and balls. The name of this ancient Egyptian game is still unknown, but it is believed that it was probably introduced to the Mediterranean through commercial transactions.
In ancient Rome, people used to play Paganica (or Paganicus). The tool consists of a wooden ball or feather (approximately 5.5 inches in diameter) hit with curved wooden sticks. Paganica’s goal is to hit the ball on a designated target, a rock or tree.
When the Roman empire invaded Europe in the first century, their ball game spread, and popular sports even spread to the northern countries.