History of golf

Learn about the first women’s golf tournament in the world

According to documented records, the first golf tournament for women golfers starting 9 January 1811 was held on the eighteen-hole course of Musselburgh, East Lothian. The winner at that year’s golf tournament was a creel and shawl battle. The runner-up position received two handkerchiefs from Barcelona.

When the first tournament took place, everyone was surprised. Standing in front of the ball was not a tall, solid man, but a soft, feminine, and strong image in the swing. The witness was really amazed by the feminine beauty in proud poses.

Who was the first famous female golfer?

The story of golf among women does not close there. The world it is recorded that the first female golfer is Mary. She was Queen of Scotland who ruled Scotland from 1542 to 1569. Mary is also credited as the creator of the Caddy term, derived from the “cadets” she used when referring to her assistants.

The world it is recorded that the first female golfer is Mary

At this time, for the golf session, the famous St Andrew Links golf course was built. Also from here, the golf door officially opened for women conquering amateur golf tournaments for women first held in the UK and America in 1893 and 1895 respectively.

The challenge for early female golfers

It can be seen that the way for women to golf is somewhat narrower than men. Golf was born in the 15th century in Scotland. However, until the 21st century in countries with very early development economies like England, America, Japan … women are still treated unequally on golf courses.

At that time, many clubs and tournaments refused female golfers to register even without tickets for female golfers. The bonus funding for female golfers in professional playgrounds is also more disadvantaged than men’s tournaments. The audience, sponsor, and media interest in women’s leagues have always been more modest than men’s.

In 2008, American prodigy Michelle Wie had eight times to participate in the professional men’s golf tournaments (PGA) at the age of 18, then in 2012, the most prestigious golf club in the United States Augusta National accepted for the first time. Accepting American members as former US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, ending 80 years of history of only admitting men.

Overcoming so many ups and downs in history, women have become an indispensable part of golf. And even more excited when the names Sophie Horn, Maria Verchenova, Anna Rawson, Michelle Wie have become golf legends.

History of golf

Some interesting facts about golf history that you probably did not know

Golf is a subject with a long history. It represents an aristocratic sport and of course, there are many interesting stories around. Here are things about golf history that you may not know.

Golf was played on the moon

In February 1971, Apollo 14 landed on the moon, astronaut Alan Shepard hit a golf ball with a 6 iron, and he could only hit with one hand due to his bulky suit. The other sport to be performed on a visit to the Moon is javelin throwing.

The golf ball and javelin are still on the moon right now. At the end of 2006, Russian astronaut Mijail Tiurin became the first person on earth to perform the Drive in space.

Golf was played on the moon

The highest golf course in the world

The highest golf course in the world at 14,335 feet (4.3km) above sea level. The golf course is the Tactu Golf Club located in Morococha, Peru. Among many famous golfers, Samuel Jackson has to mention – he has a special clause in all of his Film contracts that he must play golf twice a week. Also, Samuel is very busy tending to his snakes.

There was no concept of tee in golf before

Golfers often put a small dune up to make a kick. It wasn’t until the 20s when tee officials were discovered that it was widely used ever since. Tiger Woods is considered Mozart’s musical prodigy because he was 6 years old when he scored Hole In One.

Babe Zaharias was the first female golfer to pass a cut at the PGA TOUR event

Babe Zaharias hit 76 and 81 in the first two rounds of the Los Angeles Open. Augusta National Golf Club, one of the most famous golf courses in the world, closed for 3 years due to the 2nd world war. The golf course had to become a livestock and poultry farm to serve the resistance.

St Andrew’s golf course is not the oldest golf course

People often mistake the St Andrew’s golf course in Scotland as the oldest golf course in the world. But according to the Guinness Book of Records, the oldest golf course is the Musselburgh Links golf course, which was established in 1672. But another evidence shows that the Queen Mary of Scotland played golf here as early as 1567.

History of golf

Interesting things about the oldest golf tournament in the world

The Open Championship is also known as The Open or British Open is the oldest tournament of professional golf. When is this tournament and what’s special? Let’s find out with Golf Group in this article!

The history of The Open Championship

The first Open Championship took place on October 17, 1860 at Prestwick Golf Club, Scotland, UK. The tournament is held in the form of a link cour se, which is also a unique feature of this tournament. The yards adjacent to the coast, coupled with extreme weather conditions, often present many challenges for golfers.

In the history of golf, the first tournament attracted eight professional golfers. Initially, the prize went to the champion of the tournament was the Challenge Belt, a leather belt with silver buckle. Countries with high performance at The Open can be mentioned as America with 44 championships; Then comes Scottland with 41 times and is third in England with 22 times.

In the history of golf, the first tournament attracted eight professional golfers

Mode of competition

The Open is a 72-hole stroke play golf tournament that runs  over four days, Thursday through Sunday. Since 1979 the interpretation takes place on the 6th and 3rd of July.

Currently, the tournament has 156 golfers participating, mainly the top professional golfers in the world along with the champions of the amateur tournaments. The remaining spots are awarded to golfers, both amateur and professional, with good performance in the qualifiers.

After 36 holes, the organizers will remove the golfer so that only the top 70 (including those who are equal to the last in the next group) will play the remaining 36 holes on the weekend. If after 72 holes the champions cannot be identified, golfers will enter the 4-hole playoff series to calculate the total score. In the case of a tie, the golfers enter the live competition until they find the champion.

Trophies and medals in The Open history

In 1870, golfer Young Tom Morris was awarded the permanent belt for winning three consecutive years. In 1872 Young Tom Morris first champion was engraved on the trophy. From the tournament in 1872 the champion was awarded a gold medal before Claret Jug was born.

In 1949 his medal was awarded to an amateur golfer. In 1872 bronze medals were awarded to all the professional golfers who  attended the final round.

History of golf

Learn about the history and development of golf sport (Part 3)

The timing of the golf sport always attracted many different perspectives. Researchers constantly give arguments and evidence, but it is difficult to confirm exactly when, where golf appears.

It is argued that Golf comes from the game of shepherds. While driving their sheep to eat, they used a stick with a big end to hit the round pebble away, and they competed against each other to see who hit the furthest and most accurate stone. 

On the other hand, it is argued that golf at that time was everyone’s game; the Scottish poor often played on public grounds. In general, Golf is just a messy pastime.

The development of golf sport

In the 17th century, golf became a recreational sport in Great Britain. In 1860, the first British Open was held and is still maintained today. This sport started to spread around the world. The US also caught the wave and decided to develop golf. The first 18-hole golf course in the US was built at the Chicago Golf Club in Wheaton, Illinois in 1893.  

The governing bodies began to be established as the United States Golf Association (USGA) in 1894, then the Professional Golf Association of America (America) in 1916.

Golf became a sport that attracted many viewers in the US in the 1920s

Golf became a sport that attracted many viewers in the US in the 1920s and has been popular ever since. With the marketing and television broadcast, golf is increasingly popular and known all over the world.

Important events and landmarks of Golf and Golf in the world

The first evidence of Golf’s existence still to this day is Archbishop Hamilton’s 1552 yearbook. 

The oldest golf course in the world is The Old Link in Musselburgh, which was put into use in 1567.

In 1754, founded the Golf Association named St. Andrews (R&A), becoming one of the two most powerful golf clubs in golf. 

In 1914, there were 1801 clubs established in England. This was also the period when Golf spread around the world.

In 1894, the American Golf Federation (abbreviated USGA) was born.

In the late 19th century, Golf was established in the United States.

History of golf

Learn about the history and development of golf sport (Part 2)

The oldest remaining golf tournament, and also the first major, The Open Championship, made its debut on 17 October 1860 at Prestwick golf club in Ayrshire, Scotland with the first major championships in about the Scottish people. Two Scots from Dunfermline, John Reid, and Robert Lockhart, first performed golf in the United States in 1888.

Other theories about the origin of golf

Historians still dispute the true origins of the ancient ball and stick sport around the world.


In the old Dutch language, there was the word “kolf”, which is believed to be the origin of “golf”. The Dutch believe that they played this game from the early 14th century.

In the old Dutch language, there was the word “kolf”, which is believed to be the origin of “golf”

Accordingly, the people of this town played four “holes” in total, with a total length of 4950 yards. The kolf’s play gear is very similar to early Scottish golf. There is a leather ball and a long wooden club with a metal tip.

In addition, the Netherlands also has the game “Chole”. This is a team game. The player use an oak ball and a wooden stick with an iron tip to hit a target with great distance. The goal of the game is not fixed. It can be a tree, a stone, a door, a tower… or whatever the player likes.

As trading partners of each other, it is entirely possible that golf was imported to Scotland by the Dutch and welcomed by the host country.


Stick and ball games are as early as 2600 BC in central Egypt, with tombs with pictures and reliefs showing men with sticks and balls. The name of this ancient Egyptian game is still unknown, but it is believed that it was probably introduced to the Mediterranean through commercial transactions.


In ancient Rome, people used to play Paganica (or Paganicus). The tool consists of a wooden ball or feather (approximately 5.5 inches in diameter) hit with curved wooden sticks. Paganica’s goal is to hit the ball on a designated target, a rock or tree.

When the Roman empire invaded Europe in the first century, their ball game spread, and popular sports even spread to the northern countries.

History of golf

Learn about the history and development of golf sport (Part 1)

Golf is a long-established sport and attracts many players around the world, especially business people. However, not all of us fully understand the origins and history of golf.

What is Golf?

Golf, also known as golf, is a sport in which a player uses a variety of clubs to hit a small hole on the golf course with as few hits as possible.

Golf does not require a standardized playing area, unlike most other ball games. The game is played on a field arranged in a predetermined cycle of 09 or 18 holes (or holes). Each hole on the course is accompanied by a teeing ground, and a putting green includes the hole.

In between the two areas above are other standard terrain types such as the fairway (the area between the tee box and putting green), rough (long grass), sandpit, and obstacles (water, rocks, brush). However, each hole on the field has a different design and layout.

In golf, there are many forms of competition, in which two popular forms of competition that when the names of golfers are mentioned are playing against (Match Play) and stroke play (Stroke Play). Besides that, there are also Stableford forms and two popular forms of team competition are Foursome and Fourball.

What country does golf come from?

Referring to the origins of golf, most people think that this sport has been around since the 15th century in Scotland. According to some historians, at first, golf was banned because the government feared that the men were too engrossed in golf and neglected to practice archery to participate in the defense of the country. Later, King James IV lifted the ban in 1502 when he became a golfer himself.

Many people think that this sport has been around since the 15th century in Scotland

A scene from the Golf Book, circa 1540, shows a game that bears a resemblance to golf today, for example hitting a ball down the hole with a club with a curved tip.

For many golfers, the Old Course at St Andrews, a links-style golf course dating back to 1574, is considered the mecca of golf. In 1764, the standard 18-hole golf course was introduced in St Andrews when the members renovated the course from 22 holes to 18 holes.

A golf competition took place at Musselburgh Links, East Lothian, Scotland on March 2, 1672. Musselburgh Links is also certified by Guinness as the oldest golf course in the world.

History of golf

Top 10 greatest golfers in the world throughout history (Part 1)

Over the centuries, Golf has emerged as a major and widely known sport. It brings fame and wealth to many people both in the US and around the world.

But to reach the level of great golfers that not everyone can do, they are the people who inspire and admire the next generation. About the names that only when mentioning them is exclusively for a noble sport is Golf. Here are the 10 greatest golfers of all time, listed by TopTen.

10. Byron Nelson

He was considered one of the three legends in the world last century, along with Sam Snead, Ben Hogan who were all born within 7 months of 1912. As indigenous people of Waxahachie, Texas, Nelson has been played professionally from 1935-1946, with 52 titles, including 5 Major championships. He is the winner of both PGA Championships and The Masters, missing an Open Championships title to complete his Grand Slam.

Today there is a tournament called his Byron Nelson Championship, which is played every year in Dallas. He was present at this tournament every year before his death in 2006. And this tournament is no longer part of the PGA schedule, but one thing is for sure: his contributions to Golf Village. Today’s professionalism is very respectable.

9. Tom Watson

When someone asks you which golfer is the greatest of all time and you think of some big names like Tiger Woods, Arnold Palmer, Jack Nicklaus. But there is one person you probably won’t remember, but he certainly deserves to be there, Tom Watson.

Being a nnative of Kansas City, he is known as one of the most successful golfers in the 70-80s with 8 Majors (5 Open Championships) but has not yet completed the precious Grand Slam and has never fought. He won the second time in the PGA Championship. To achieve that achievement could not fail to mention his mentor Mr. Nelson, who instructed Watson to help him get his first title after working together for a year.

Golf in the UK

The brief history of golf as an aristocratic sport from the UK

The true origins of Golf remain a mystery. However, most people agree that Scotland is the first place where golf matches take place.

The sport has been around since the 15th century. It was initially banned from play because the government worried men who were too engrossed in golf to ignore archery training to take part in the protection of the country. As Golf developed, Golf clubs gradually formed and became the official sport as today.

During the 18th and 19th centuries, the Scottish army tried to spread golf playing to British colonies. The Royal Calcutta is the oldest club outside the British island and exists as a reminder of the aristocratic history of this aristocratic sport.

The development of golf

Within 100 years, the number of golf courses in England has increased from 12 to nearly 1,000. When Golf began to grow, it spread quickly and was widely accepted everywhere. In the US, the first golf courses began to appear in the late 18th century. After that, the American Golf Association established in 1894.

The brilliant development of the golf industry in the US was the premise for the Japanese people to establish. First golf course in 1913 and Golf Association in 1924 in the land of the rising sun. The growth in the number of golf courses has increased so rapidly that even golfers have set up their own agencies to evaluate the impact of golf courses on the environment.

The first balls were stitched with leather and stuffed with feathers but they did not fly far and were easily damaged. Therefore, it is designed to make golf balls made of rubber – a material easily found in tropical areas.

Balls made from metal also began to be manufactured. The American Golf Association was the first entity to adjust the golf ball in the 1930s and as a result created the golf balls we use today.

Golf clubs have grown tremendously since the first wooden golf clubs were formed. As the sport became more and more popular, craftsmen designed elaborate wooden golf clubs for the royal family and wealthy merchants.

So, in the early 1900s, artisans began making metal golf clubs, eventually developing into flexible curves like today. Golfers can now choose between metal or wooden golf clubs. They can also choose the style of the club. This varies flexibly depending on the needs of the player.