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History of golf

Learn about the history and development of golf sport (Part 3)

The timing of the golf sport always attracted many different perspectives. Researchers constantly give arguments and evidence, but it is difficult to confirm exactly when, where golf appears.

It is argued that Golf comes from the game of shepherds. While driving their sheep to eat, they used a stick with a big end to hit the round pebble away, and they competed against each other to see who hit the furthest and most accurate stone. 

On the other hand, it is argued that golf at that time was everyone’s game; the Scottish poor often played on public grounds. In general, Golf is just a messy pastime.

The development of golf sport

In the 17th century, golf became a recreational sport in Great Britain. In 1860, the first British Open was held and is still maintained today. This sport started to spread around the world. The US also caught the wave and decided to develop golf. The first 18-hole golf course in the US was built at the Chicago Golf Club in Wheaton, Illinois in 1893.  

The governing bodies began to be established as the United States Golf Association (USGA) in 1894, then the Professional Golf Association of America (America) in 1916.

Golf became a sport that attracted many viewers in the US in the 1920s

Golf became a sport that attracted many viewers in the US in the 1920s and has been popular ever since. With the marketing and television broadcast, golf is increasingly popular and known all over the world.

Important events and landmarks of Golf and Golf in the world

The first evidence of Golf’s existence still to this day is Archbishop Hamilton’s 1552 yearbook. 

The oldest golf course in the world is The Old Link in Musselburgh, which was put into use in 1567.

In 1754, founded the Golf Association named St. Andrews (R&A), becoming one of the two most powerful golf clubs in golf. 

In 1914, there were 1801 clubs established in England. This was also the period when Golf spread around the world.

In 1894, the American Golf Federation (abbreviated USGA) was born.

In the late 19th century, Golf was established in the United States.

Categories
History of golf

Learn about the history and development of golf sport (Part 2)

The oldest remaining golf tournament, and also the first major, The Open Championship, made its debut on 17 October 1860 at Prestwick golf club in Ayrshire, Scotland with the first major championships in about the Scottish people. Two Scots from Dunfermline, John Reid, and Robert Lockhart, first performed golf in the United States in 1888.

Other theories about the origin of golf

Historians still dispute the true origins of the ancient ball and stick sport around the world.

Netherlands

In the old Dutch language, there was the word “kolf”, which is believed to be the origin of “golf”. The Dutch believe that they played this game from the early 14th century.

In the old Dutch language, there was the word “kolf”, which is believed to be the origin of “golf”

Accordingly, the people of this town played four “holes” in total, with a total length of 4950 yards. The kolf’s play gear is very similar to early Scottish golf. There is a leather ball and a long wooden club with a metal tip.

In addition, the Netherlands also has the game “Chole”. This is a team game. The player use an oak ball and a wooden stick with an iron tip to hit a target with great distance. The goal of the game is not fixed. It can be a tree, a stone, a door, a tower… or whatever the player likes.

As trading partners of each other, it is entirely possible that golf was imported to Scotland by the Dutch and welcomed by the host country.

Egypt

Stick and ball games are as early as 2600 BC in central Egypt, with tombs with pictures and reliefs showing men with sticks and balls. The name of this ancient Egyptian game is still unknown, but it is believed that it was probably introduced to the Mediterranean through commercial transactions.

Roman

In ancient Rome, people used to play Paganica (or Paganicus). The tool consists of a wooden ball or feather (approximately 5.5 inches in diameter) hit with curved wooden sticks. Paganica’s goal is to hit the ball on a designated target, a rock or tree.

When the Roman empire invaded Europe in the first century, their ball game spread, and popular sports even spread to the northern countries.