History of golf

Learn about the first women’s golf tournament in the world

According to documented records, the first golf tournament for women golfers starting 9 January 1811 was held on the eighteen-hole course of Musselburgh, East Lothian. The winner at that year’s golf tournament was a creel and shawl battle. The runner-up position received two handkerchiefs from Barcelona.

When the first tournament took place, everyone was surprised. Standing in front of the ball was not a tall, solid man, but a soft, feminine, and strong image in the swing. The witness was really amazed by the feminine beauty in proud poses.

Who was the first famous female golfer?

The story of golf among women does not close there. The world it is recorded that the first female golfer is Mary. She was Queen of Scotland who ruled Scotland from 1542 to 1569. Mary is also credited as the creator of the Caddy term, derived from the “cadets” she used when referring to her assistants.

The world it is recorded that the first female golfer is Mary

At this time, for the golf session, the famous St Andrew Links golf course was built. Also from here, the golf door officially opened for women conquering amateur golf tournaments for women first held in the UK and America in 1893 and 1895 respectively.

The challenge for early female golfers

It can be seen that the way for women to golf is somewhat narrower than men. Golf was born in the 15th century in Scotland. However, until the 21st century in countries with very early development economies like England, America, Japan … women are still treated unequally on golf courses.

At that time, many clubs and tournaments refused female golfers to register even without tickets for female golfers. The bonus funding for female golfers in professional playgrounds is also more disadvantaged than men’s tournaments. The audience, sponsor, and media interest in women’s leagues have always been more modest than men’s.

In 2008, American prodigy Michelle Wie had eight times to participate in the professional men’s golf tournaments (PGA) at the age of 18, then in 2012, the most prestigious golf club in the United States Augusta National accepted for the first time. Accepting American members as former US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, ending 80 years of history of only admitting men.

Overcoming so many ups and downs in history, women have become an indispensable part of golf. And even more excited when the names Sophie Horn, Maria Verchenova, Anna Rawson, Michelle Wie have become golf legends.

History of golf

Some interesting facts about golf history that you probably did not know

Golf is a subject with a long history. It represents an aristocratic sport and of course, there are many interesting stories around. Here are things about golf history that you may not know.

Golf was played on the moon

In February 1971, Apollo 14 landed on the moon, astronaut Alan Shepard hit a golf ball with a 6 iron, and he could only hit with one hand due to his bulky suit. The other sport to be performed on a visit to the Moon is javelin throwing.

The golf ball and javelin are still on the moon right now. At the end of 2006, Russian astronaut Mijail Tiurin became the first person on earth to perform the Drive in space.

Golf was played on the moon

The highest golf course in the world

The highest golf course in the world at 14,335 feet (4.3km) above sea level. The golf course is the Tactu Golf Club located in Morococha, Peru. Among many famous golfers, Samuel Jackson has to mention – he has a special clause in all of his Film contracts that he must play golf twice a week. Also, Samuel is very busy tending to his snakes.

There was no concept of tee in golf before

Golfers often put a small dune up to make a kick. It wasn’t until the 20s when tee officials were discovered that it was widely used ever since. Tiger Woods is considered Mozart’s musical prodigy because he was 6 years old when he scored Hole In One.

Babe Zaharias was the first female golfer to pass a cut at the PGA TOUR event

Babe Zaharias hit 76 and 81 in the first two rounds of the Los Angeles Open. Augusta National Golf Club, one of the most famous golf courses in the world, closed for 3 years due to the 2nd world war. The golf course had to become a livestock and poultry farm to serve the resistance.

St Andrew’s golf course is not the oldest golf course

People often mistake the St Andrew’s golf course in Scotland as the oldest golf course in the world. But according to the Guinness Book of Records, the oldest golf course is the Musselburgh Links golf course, which was established in 1672. But another evidence shows that the Queen Mary of Scotland played golf here as early as 1567.

History of golf

Little-known facts about the oldest golf tournament in history (Part 2)

Golf course

From 1860 to 1870 it was held at the Prestwick Golf Club in Scotland. The Open was held in Scotland, northwest England, and southeast England with the same stadium in Northern Ireland.

In the current system of The Open, there are 10 courts: 5 Scotland, 4 England, and 1 Northern Ireland. Recently, Old Couse held Open every 5 years and the rest of the golf courses open more or less every 10 years.

In 2014, The R&A announced that Royal Portrush would return in October 2015 and that Portrush would be the host of The Open 2019.

Major milestones at The Open Championship

On 17/10/1860 the first match took place at Prestwick Golf Club – Scotland with 8 golfers competing in 3 rounds of 12 holes in a single day.

In 1971, the tournament was canceled due to the lack of prizes.

In 1892 the tournament increased from 36 holes to 72 holes or 4 rounds of 18 holes.

From 1890 – 1930, The Open was dominated by professional athletes, with only 6 amateurs taking the throne during this period.

In 1946 The Open welcomed the first American champion in post-World War II.

The champion of this tournament in 1947 was Fred Daly of Northern Ireland.

In 1948 – 1958 The Open was dominated by Commonwealth golfers, with golfers from Australia and South Africa winning eight championships.

1953 The Open held a competition at the American Carnoustie golfer won the championship that year.

1960 The start of the “Big Three” era in professional golf.

In 1966, 1970, and 1978, Golfer Nicklaus finished second seven times and had 16 top five at The Open.

Golfer John Daly won the championship in 1995.

In 2000 – 2005 Tiger Woods won 3 championships.

2006 Golfer Hoylake who holds the championship The Open

The 2007 – 2008 year

In 2013 golfer Phil Mickelson won the Open Championship for the first time at Muirfield.

In 2015 the match took place at Old Course at St Andrew’s golfer Zach Johnson won by the payoff

The 2018 Open Championship is the 147th tournament to be held at the Carnoustie Golf Links in Angus, Scotland. This is the 8th time that the Open Championship tournament has been played at Carnousetie.

In 2019 for the first time since 1951, The Open took place at Royal Portrush in Northern Ireland. The Open Championship is considered to be among the six most prestigious tournaments in the world.

History of golf

Interesting things about the oldest golf tournament in the world

The Open Championship is also known as The Open or British Open is the oldest tournament of professional golf. When is this tournament and what’s special? Let’s find out with Golf Group in this article!

The history of The Open Championship

The first Open Championship took place on October 17, 1860 at Prestwick Golf Club, Scotland, UK. The tournament is held in the form of a link cour se, which is also a unique feature of this tournament. The yards adjacent to the coast, coupled with extreme weather conditions, often present many challenges for golfers.

In the history of golf, the first tournament attracted eight professional golfers. Initially, the prize went to the champion of the tournament was the Challenge Belt, a leather belt with silver buckle. Countries with high performance at The Open can be mentioned as America with 44 championships; Then comes Scottland with 41 times and is third in England with 22 times.

In the history of golf, the first tournament attracted eight professional golfers

Mode of competition

The Open is a 72-hole stroke play golf tournament that runs  over four days, Thursday through Sunday. Since 1979 the interpretation takes place on the 6th and 3rd of July.

Currently, the tournament has 156 golfers participating, mainly the top professional golfers in the world along with the champions of the amateur tournaments. The remaining spots are awarded to golfers, both amateur and professional, with good performance in the qualifiers.

After 36 holes, the organizers will remove the golfer so that only the top 70 (including those who are equal to the last in the next group) will play the remaining 36 holes on the weekend. If after 72 holes the champions cannot be identified, golfers will enter the 4-hole playoff series to calculate the total score. In the case of a tie, the golfers enter the live competition until they find the champion.

Trophies and medals in The Open history

In 1870, golfer Young Tom Morris was awarded the permanent belt for winning three consecutive years. In 1872 Young Tom Morris first champion was engraved on the trophy. From the tournament in 1872 the champion was awarded a gold medal before Claret Jug was born.

In 1949 his medal was awarded to an amateur golfer. In 1872 bronze medals were awarded to all the professional golfers who  attended the final round.

History of golf

Learn about the history and development of golf sport (Part 3)

The timing of the golf sport always attracted many different perspectives. Researchers constantly give arguments and evidence, but it is difficult to confirm exactly when, where golf appears.

It is argued that Golf comes from the game of shepherds. While driving their sheep to eat, they used a stick with a big end to hit the round pebble away, and they competed against each other to see who hit the furthest and most accurate stone. 

On the other hand, it is argued that golf at that time was everyone’s game; the Scottish poor often played on public grounds. In general, Golf is just a messy pastime.

The development of golf sport

In the 17th century, golf became a recreational sport in Great Britain. In 1860, the first British Open was held and is still maintained today. This sport started to spread around the world. The US also caught the wave and decided to develop golf. The first 18-hole golf course in the US was built at the Chicago Golf Club in Wheaton, Illinois in 1893.  

The governing bodies began to be established as the United States Golf Association (USGA) in 1894, then the Professional Golf Association of America (America) in 1916.

Golf became a sport that attracted many viewers in the US in the 1920s

Golf became a sport that attracted many viewers in the US in the 1920s and has been popular ever since. With the marketing and television broadcast, golf is increasingly popular and known all over the world.

Important events and landmarks of Golf and Golf in the world

The first evidence of Golf’s existence still to this day is Archbishop Hamilton’s 1552 yearbook. 

The oldest golf course in the world is The Old Link in Musselburgh, which was put into use in 1567.

In 1754, founded the Golf Association named St. Andrews (R&A), becoming one of the two most powerful golf clubs in golf. 

In 1914, there were 1801 clubs established in England. This was also the period when Golf spread around the world.

In 1894, the American Golf Federation (abbreviated USGA) was born.

In the late 19th century, Golf was established in the United States.

History of golf

Learn about the history and development of golf sport (Part 2)

The oldest remaining golf tournament, and also the first major, The Open Championship, made its debut on 17 October 1860 at Prestwick golf club in Ayrshire, Scotland with the first major championships in about the Scottish people. Two Scots from Dunfermline, John Reid, and Robert Lockhart, first performed golf in the United States in 1888.

Other theories about the origin of golf

Historians still dispute the true origins of the ancient ball and stick sport around the world.


In the old Dutch language, there was the word “kolf”, which is believed to be the origin of “golf”. The Dutch believe that they played this game from the early 14th century.

In the old Dutch language, there was the word “kolf”, which is believed to be the origin of “golf”

Accordingly, the people of this town played four “holes” in total, with a total length of 4950 yards. The kolf’s play gear is very similar to early Scottish golf. There is a leather ball and a long wooden club with a metal tip.

In addition, the Netherlands also has the game “Chole”. This is a team game. The player use an oak ball and a wooden stick with an iron tip to hit a target with great distance. The goal of the game is not fixed. It can be a tree, a stone, a door, a tower… or whatever the player likes.

As trading partners of each other, it is entirely possible that golf was imported to Scotland by the Dutch and welcomed by the host country.


Stick and ball games are as early as 2600 BC in central Egypt, with tombs with pictures and reliefs showing men with sticks and balls. The name of this ancient Egyptian game is still unknown, but it is believed that it was probably introduced to the Mediterranean through commercial transactions.


In ancient Rome, people used to play Paganica (or Paganicus). The tool consists of a wooden ball or feather (approximately 5.5 inches in diameter) hit with curved wooden sticks. Paganica’s goal is to hit the ball on a designated target, a rock or tree.

When the Roman empire invaded Europe in the first century, their ball game spread, and popular sports even spread to the northern countries.

History of golf

Learn about the history and development of golf sport (Part 1)

Golf is a long-established sport and attracts many players around the world, especially business people. However, not all of us fully understand the origins and history of golf.

What is Golf?

Golf, also known as golf, is a sport in which a player uses a variety of clubs to hit a small hole on the golf course with as few hits as possible.

Golf does not require a standardized playing area, unlike most other ball games. The game is played on a field arranged in a predetermined cycle of 09 or 18 holes (or holes). Each hole on the course is accompanied by a teeing ground, and a putting green includes the hole.

In between the two areas above are other standard terrain types such as the fairway (the area between the tee box and putting green), rough (long grass), sandpit, and obstacles (water, rocks, brush). However, each hole on the field has a different design and layout.

In golf, there are many forms of competition, in which two popular forms of competition that when the names of golfers are mentioned are playing against (Match Play) and stroke play (Stroke Play). Besides that, there are also Stableford forms and two popular forms of team competition are Foursome and Fourball.

What country does golf come from?

Referring to the origins of golf, most people think that this sport has been around since the 15th century in Scotland. According to some historians, at first, golf was banned because the government feared that the men were too engrossed in golf and neglected to practice archery to participate in the defense of the country. Later, King James IV lifted the ban in 1502 when he became a golfer himself.

Many people think that this sport has been around since the 15th century in Scotland

A scene from the Golf Book, circa 1540, shows a game that bears a resemblance to golf today, for example hitting a ball down the hole with a club with a curved tip.

For many golfers, the Old Course at St Andrews, a links-style golf course dating back to 1574, is considered the mecca of golf. In 1764, the standard 18-hole golf course was introduced in St Andrews when the members renovated the course from 22 holes to 18 holes.

A golf competition took place at Musselburgh Links, East Lothian, Scotland on March 2, 1672. Musselburgh Links is also certified by Guinness as the oldest golf course in the world.

History of golf

How Ballesteros paved the way for European golf at the Masters (Part 2)

On April 10, 1980, Ballesteros took part and scored an impressive score of 66 sticks. He then played 69 strokes to monopolize the top of the board after 36 holes with a four-stroke lead. By the end of the penultimate round, the advantage increased to eight strokes over Jack Newton in second place.

The next day, Ballesteros again accelerated with foreplay including three birdies and two pars. When standing on tee tee par 4, he took 10 strokes. But the golf course never went smoothly. Ballesteros took three putt to finish the first pit of the second half.

In hole 12, par3 at the corner of Amen nightmares, Ballesteros inevitably traps the temptation to attack the flag and hit the ball into the Rae creek. Hole 13, he fell into the same situation. At that moment, the eyes of the Spanish golfer flashed with fear.

Player’s words calmed Ballesteros. A par score in hole 14 and a birdie in hole 15 put him back on the upper hand. Then he headed straight up to the coronation platform with par points through the last three holes. Ballesteros finished at -13, with a four-goal difference. Newton shared second with Gibby Gilbert.

After the second time wearing the Green Jacket in 1983, Ballesteros had two other attempts at the Masters in the following years. The first time was in 1986, when Jack Nicklaus won the 6th Masters at age 46 and was the last time in his career.

Ballesteros inspires later European compatriots to conquer Masters

At The Open Championship, Ballesteros won the Clarret Jug twice, in 1984 and 1988. When the men’s golf world rankings (OGWR) came out in 1986, Ballesteros held the number one spot for 61 weeks.

On the Ryder Cup front with the United States, he and his compatriot Olazabal are considered the perfect match by the record of the number of appearances, wins and points achieved over time. The duo fought 15 games, won 11 matches and brought a total of 12 points for the European team.

In 1999, Ballesteros was named to the World Golf Legendary Temple. He suffered from brain cancer and died at the age of 54 on May 21, 2011, leaving a legacy of a record 50 European Tour Cups, nine PGA Tour titles and five major crowns. But above all was the winning faith for Europeans in the American major arena that he had grouped up at the 1980 Masters.

History of golf

How Ballesteros paved the way for European golf at the Masters (Part 1)

40 years ago, Seve Ballesteros became the first European golfer to win Masters, inspiring the famous major to conquer many juniors.

Ballestero’s achievements in the Masters

On April 13, 1980, Ballesteros put on the Blue Shirt in pride. This was not only for himself but also for his homeland of Spain and even Europe. He won at the age of 23. This was a record for championship age. Very few Europeans had the opportunity to enter the Augusta National Stadium to compete for the Masters.

Then in the following decade, other Europeans took turns wearing the Green Jacket. They were the Spanish compatriots of Ballesteros, Jose Maria Olazabal in 1994, 1999, Bernhard Langer (1985, 1993), Sandy Lyle (1988), Ian Woosnam (1991), Sir Nick Faldo (1989, 1990, 1996). The closest is Sergio Garcia – another Spanish golfer, in 2017. Ballesteros himself won the Masters for the second time in 1983.

And according to that, European guests at the 1980 Masters include Ballesteros – defending champion of The Open Championship, Sandy Lyle – winning Order of Merit 1979, Mark James finishing fourth at The Open 1979 and Peter McEvoy – British Amateur champion Championship.

That year was the fourth time Ballesteros attended the Masters. But before that, he was a formidable opponent in the eyes of Americans. He had important contributions to the European team in the Ryder Cup.

Even American player Hale Irwin has given up. This was after Ballesteros defeated him at The Open at Royal Lytham & St Annes. Irwin called Ballesteros the “parking lot champion” just because the opponent kicked in.

Ballesteros has been longing to conquer Augusta National for many years. He attended the Masters for the first time in 1977. Before that, that passion was also rekindled through fascinating stories about “holy land in the forest” through the narration of Ramon Sota – the uncle who finished sixth in the Masters in 1965.

History of golf

Interesting facts about golf history you may not know

Golf is a subject with a long history in the world and interesting stories revolving golf. Let us review the interesting things about golf history you may not know.

Golf is one of two sports played on the moon. In February 1971, astronaut Alan Shepard aboard the Apollo 14 landed on the moon. He hit a golf ball with 6 iron sticks and only hit one hand due to his bulky outfit. In 2006, Russian astronaut Mijail Tiurin became the first person on earth to perform a drive in space.

Astronaut Alan Shepard was the first in history to play golf on the Moon

Previously, “Tee” in golf did not have this concept, golfers often put small sand dunes high to serve as a tee. It was not until the 20s when the first tee was invented that it is widely used today.

A Film contract with the condition of golfing twice a week comes from Samuel Jackson. This was one of the most famous golf clubs in the world.

The 6-year-old boy scored Hole In One’s goal which was golfer Tiger Woods. However, Tiger Woods is not the youngest to record HIO, but that record belongs to 5-year-old Littleton who scored Colorado‚Äôs Coby in 1975.

Female golf babe Zaharias was the first to cross the cut at the PGA TOUR event in 1945, the golfer hitting 76 and 82 strokes in the first two rounds at the Los Angeles Open.

It is thought that St Andrew’s Course in Scotland is the oldest golf course in the world. But according to the Guinness Book of Records, the oldest golf course is the Musselburgh Link yard, founded in 1672. But a guest evidence indicates that Scottish female Mary has been golfing here since very early in 1567.

Augusta National Golf Club

Augusta National Golf Club is one of the most famous golf courses in the world and must be closed for 3 years and must become a poultry farm to serve the resistance due to World War II.

The annual Toonik Tyme Festival in Northern Canada includes a 9-hole golf tournament. With temperatures below minus, golfers must play on an ice rink. They use fluorescent golf balls and always fear the ball is buried in the snow.

The film Caddyshark features a lawn mower, dreaming of becoming a golf champion. He imagined himself winning and making a swing in a flower garden with a garden tool. Notably, this scene was adapted by legendary comedian Bill Murray.

Hope from the above information partly helps passionate readers, golf lovers have a better view of interesting stories in the history of the development of the aristocratic sport.